Because space is limited, headlines are written in a compressed telegraphic style, using special syntactic conventions:
- Forms of the verb "to be" are omitted.
- Articles are usually omitted.
- Most verbs are in the simple present tense, e.g. "Governor signs bill".
- The future is expressed as "to" followed by a verb, e.g. "Governor to sign bill".
- In the US (but not the UK), conjunctions are often replaced by a comma, as in "Bush, Blair laugh off microphone mishap".
- To save space, a long word is sometimes replaced by a shorter word with not quite the same meaning, e.g. "attack" to mean "criticize".
- Country names are often used instead of their adjective form, for example "Belgium troops deploy to patrol streets" (instead of "Belgian troops...").
Headlines are generally sentences or noun phrases. READ MORE...